Many financial management skills or money management were acquired in the lives of older millennials born in the early 1980s. When they were in high school, the dot-com bubble burst, and when they were in college, 9/11 turned the economy upside down, coupled with the real estate bubble and recession. Because of these events, these young adults have received significant knowledge that they can pass on to the next generation.
The twenties are one of the most memorable eras in your life. You’ve only recently joined the workforce, have fewer duties, and pay only once a month. You are given a stipend that is your own money.
However, if you’re not careful, youth’s freedom can be crippling, as it comes with a slew of financial implications. The truth is that no one wants to acknowledge they don’t know how to handle money. Everyone wants to give the impression that they are financially knowledgeable.
It’s difficult to admit such things when we haven’t held ourselves to the highest standard because money influences practically every decision.
1. Manage your Money
It does not have to be a chore to keep track of one’s finances. It isn’t rocket science, and you don’t need to be a financial expert to carry it out. It only takes a smidgeon of dedication.
Deciding to conserve money is the first step toward effective money management. Saving cash is a crucial component of achieving financial independence. Consider borrowing money from a buddy for that last-minute doctor’s appointment!
If you don’t have any buddies, you may have to use your credit card. It’s also worth mentioning that using a credit card is the most costly payment method. You’ll soon find yourself in a debt trap if you continue this method a couple more times.
You may have several financial objectives, such as purchasing a car or the most up-to-date smartphone and accumulating cash. You’ll need money in all of these circumstances. But from where will it come? A savings account is required!
You might be thinking about methods to save money by saving money right now. It can assist you in avoiding debt. Not only that but regular, systematic savings may make you wealthy. You might be able to meet your financial objectives quickly. Right now, more importantly, how much cash should be set aside?
Start categorising your paycheck into several categories as soon as you get it. Expenses, EMIs, investments, and savings are just a few categories.
Make saving at least 10% of your salary a top goal. It’s as simple as that! However, do not deposit it in a piggy bank. The worth of money in a piggy bank does not rise. Even putting money in a savings account is unlikely to yield better results.
Invest your money every month for an extended period to see what magic it can work for you! Alternatively, you might put your money in a liquid fund. A liquid fund is a form of mutual debt fund that invests around 4% of its assets in fixed-income instruments such as government bonds, commercial paper, and certificates of deposit.
2. Regulate Expenses Wisely
You are most certainly living over your means if you live paycheck to paycheck and run out of money before the end of the month. Perhaps there are several unanticipated charges! Due to these circumstances, you may not have enough money to satisfy your fundamental necessities. There is, however, a way out.
Make a budget for yourself. You won’t be able to manage your money until you create a budget. A budget specifies how much money you have and how you want to spend it.
You’ll have a better understanding. Begin by categorising your spending into fixed and variable prices, urgent vs non-urgent demands, necessities against extravagances, and avoidable versus unavoidable charges. You’ll have a comprehensive cost inventory in front of you this way.
You may create a hierarchy of requirements and priorities which ones to address first. It’s all about prioritisation. It’s critical to understand that you have limited resources and boundless aspirations. You must, however, manage your resources. The sooner you realise this, the better equipped you’ll be to resist the need to spend money you don’t have.
You can set aside some money for pleasure and leisure once you’ve paid for all of your essential bills. To avoid overpaying:
- Establish a shopping list before heading to the department store. You can also set out a workday where you will not spend any money.
- Make sure you stay within your budget.
- Consider it a commitment, not a chore, and follow the guidelines.
3. Maintain a Personal Balance Sheet
A personal balance sheet can help you figure out what you own and owe. It’s a list of your assets and obligations. The difference between your assets and liabilities determines your net worth. It’s an effective means of improving your financial status.
Consider the following before you start:
- Gather your bank statements as well as any other proof of debt.
- Make a list of your assets, including your bank account, investments, property value, and other valuables.
- Add together all of your assets to determine the total worth of your aid.
List all your liabilities, including auto loans, house loans, credit card payments, and remaining loan amounts. You can figure out how much you owe by totalling up all of your debts.
Your net worth should ideally be positive, indicating that you possess more money than you owe. Don’t give up if the news is terrible. As you repay your loans, your net worth will slowly increase.
Determining what sorts of assets you require are another critical asset management component. It’s always better to preserve assets that grow in value while requiring less maintenance. In the end, it all boils down to how much you can utilise. Simply accumulating stuff you don’t need leads to money being invested in useless assets. It’s good to know what you use and what you can get rid of.
4. Asset Management
If you don’t have a budget, you’re more likely to overspend. This money may have been utilised to assist you in becoming financially self-sufficient. How you manage surplus cash will define your future.
Everything will get more expensive with each passing year due to inflation. Your money will not grow quickly enough to keep up with inflation if you do not invest. Otherwise, you might not be able to. Investing is a great way to put extra cash to work while fighting inflation. It may be utilised to boost wealth and income.
Investing can assist you in getting from where you are now to your desired destination. It’s best to get started investing right away.
Begin by deciding on goals, such as buying a car or putting money aside for retirement. Separate your goals into two groups: short-term and long-term. Dreams that can be fulfilled in one to three years are considered short-term. Medium-term objectives are those that can be accomplished in three to five years. Long-term goals that will take more than five years to realise.
Determine your risk tolerance or how comfortable you are with your assets losing value. If you can take a 20% reduction in the worth of your belongings, you’re a high-risk seeker. If not, consider yourself a risk-averse investor.
You may easily pick an investment refuge once you’ve identified your goals and risk tolerance. Investing in a diversified stocks fund is the most excellent option for risk-takers. On the other hand, a risk-averse short-term investor might choose a liquid or balanced fund.
5. Create a Personal Investment Portfolio
In and of itself, putting together your first financial portfolio is a huge achievement. It is, after all, the first step in amassing wealth. Building a portfolio includes distributing your funds among several asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, and cash. Asset allocation is the term for it.
Although equity is the most tax-efficient and inflation-proof investment, investing all of your money in equity isn’t a good idea. It’s best to diversify your amounts into each asset class based on your financial objectives. Building up a larger corpus as a long-term investor is always better.
After you’ve built a portfolio, you’ll need to regularly rebalance it to maintain the portfolio’s risk within reasonable bounds due to market volatility. It’s possible to do it once every six months or a year. Your investing horizon should be around 10-15 years at the most.
6. Planning for Retirement
Everyone should begin planning for retirement. The expense of healthcare is increasing year after year. If you have a sedentary lifestyle, you are more likely to develop diabetes, hypertension, and heart attacks. If no social safety net exists, you must rely on your resources to meet these expenditures.
Like many others, you may assume that it is too early to start planning. Compounding’s “magic” is at fault. At this pace, you’ll be late to retirement planning and have a smaller nest fund than if you started sooner. You can even retire early and live a stress-free life.
A few aspects to consider regarding retirement planning, such as when you want to retire. Calculate how much money you’ll need each month once you retire to pay your post-retirement expenses.
Borrowing money to pay off depreciating assets is never a wise idea. Furthermore, tax-inefficient loans, such as personal loans, should be avoided as far as possible. Consider putting money aside and building a corpus to help you attain your goals. In this manner, you may be able to avoid falling into a financial bind.
7. Manage Your Debt Wisely
Debt management concerns may consume a significant percentage of your salary. You may find yourself locked in a debt cycle if it escalates out of hand. You’ll probably need to take out new loans to repay your old ones. It’s possible that your most important life goals may be placed on wait and that your retirement will be postponed.
It might be as easy as arranging your debt payback strategy to avoid such issues. You need to know who you owe money and how much money you owe them. Make a strategy for paying them back regularly. If you have a lot of debt, start with the most expensive debt.
Credit cards are the most costly type of debt. Pay down your credit card debt as soon as your monthly paycheck is credited. It is not a good idea to pay down the minimum balance. Before you know it, interest will have depleted all of your savings. Make it a habit to use your credit card only in an emergency.
At all times, keep debt as a last resort. Make as many down payments as you can on your goods. If you have large-ticket bills, consider a balance transfer. You can decrease your interest rate by refinancing your loan with a bank that provides cheaper rates. You may save a lot of money on interest payments by using this method.
8. Get Your Risks Covered
Both human life and personal possessions are in jeopardy. These hazards might lead to a loss of income, placing you and your dependents in danger. Investing to build money is analogous to ensuring to protect it.
A ULIP isn’t the only way to protect your assets. You spend more money yet are still underinsured. Accepting a term insurance policy, on the other hand, is a better option. A term insurance policy provides low-cost coverage for higher-risk situations.
Don’t hold your breath for your life insurance to pay off. Ideally, the sum promised should be ten times your annual earnings. Compare plans online before buying life insurance to locate one that matches your needs at an affordable price.
In addition to life insurance, you may need health insurance as well. It will enable you to receive high-quality healthcare at an affordable price. Paying too much for something you don’t require is a bad idea.